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How To Handle Drop Down in Selenium WebDriver

Dropdown in SeleniumHandling Drop Down in Selenium WebDriver seems so tedious but WebDriver API has gifted us with one class Select. By using this class we can handle Drop Down in Selenium WebDriver quite easily.

If you want to learn more about Selenium WebDriver then I would suggest you read all the articles from Selenium WebDriver page.
So let’s start with small part of HTML code

Open any of the text editors and paste above HTML code and save this file as <name>.htm. We will be using the above HTML file to perform all action on drop down.

If we observe carefully then we will see that the above HTML code is having “select” HTML tag. For such WebElement Selenium has given Select class.


Select Class in WebDriver has many methods and function that interacts with Drop Down.
so let see how we should handle drop down

So here is the list of all methods and Constructor that can be used in Selenium WebDriver

Select Class Constructor
Select(WebElement element)

So to initialize its object we need to call it like this

Here WebElement is an interface defined in Selenium API which extends “SearchText” and “TakeScreenShot” class, which represent HTML element and it provides all the operation to interact with an element on an HTML Page.

Here User is provided with three options to select options from the dropdown.

  • Selecting Dropdown Option using Visible Text: So if we are taking reference from above HTML code then we can see that following are the visible text as a dropdown option
    3ft, 4ft, 5ft and 6ft and if we want to select 5ft option in that case we need to write it like this
    objectOfSelect.selectByVisibleText(“5ft”) So final code would be something like this

  • Selecting Dropdown Option using Index: In this, we can select the dropdown option using an index. But we need to remember that index of any dropdown starts from 0 so if there are 4 options in any dropdown then there would be following index 0, 1,2,3
    So the index of the first option would be 0 and similarly index of the second option would be 1 and so on and so forth. So if the user wants to select the 2nd option from the dropdown, then he needs to provide the index 1 (Always remember that this method takes int value). So the code will look like this

  • Selecting Dropdown Option using Value: In this, we can select any option, using value attributes value. So if we want to select 4ft in provided HTML. In that case, we need to call value of value attribute and that is 4. So the code will look like this

    At the same time, if we want to validate option selected is correct or not for the same we have one method getFirstSelectedOption() and it will return the detail of selected option and to fetch the text we can call method getText(). So the code would look like

    so above line of code will return the text of select dropdown option and If you want to learn about the assertion in Selenium then I would suggest you, read these two post
    How to use assertEquals() in WebDriver using driver.getText()

    assertTrue(message,condition) in Selenium WebDriver and it’s implementation


Similarly, the “Select” class has an equal number of methods to deselect the option from the dropdown.

1- DeselectAll: this option is used to deselect all options selected in dropdown. Here is code

2. DeselectByVisibleText: This option is used to deselect selected option using visible text and this can be used like this.

3. DeselectByIndex: This method is used to deselect the selected option using the index.

4. DeselectByValue:  This method is used to deselect the selected dropdown option using the value of the value attribute.


Before exiting from this post, Check how good you are in Selenium WebDriver by taking this Selenium WebDriver Quiz.

Above code has used JUnit Testing framework. But above code, you can use in Java Main and Using TestNG as well.


17 thoughts on “How To Handle Drop Down in Selenium WebDriver”

  1. Hi Dwarika,

    Thanks for the post but while i was using above example , i am getting an error message as “The method assertEquals(int, int) is undefined for the type GoogleSuggest” where GoogleSuggest is the name of the class.
    Can you please suggest something on this?

  2. Hi,
    I’m getting an error message as”The method assertEquals(int, int) is undefined for the type DropDown” where DropDown is the name of the Class….
    I’m waiting for your valuable suggestions???????

  3. This assertion error so I would request that just count the number of drop- down manual and then use

    assertEquals(“your value that you have counted”, select.getOptions().size());


    select.getOptions().size() gives the number of options available in dropdown.

    Steps to handle dropdown
    1- Move to drop-down
    2- Right click and inspect the element without selecting any option from the drop-down
    3- Now find the xpath either by yourself or just do right click and click on Copy Xpath
    4- put it in to

    Select select = new Select(driver.findElement(By.xpath(“you xpath”))
    5- Now find the number of option by using
    select.getOptions.size(); and compare this with actual number

    Hope this will make it clear to understand the handling of drop down.

  4. Use the as usual sendkeys method to enter phone number like –


    Try if it works!

  5. Hi,
    Just wanted to thank you for all contributions, using ruby and selenium
    Canada – Toronto

  6. Hello,

    Please i need help i’m new in seleniumwebdriver!!!
    How can i handle this situacion in a dropdown with ul class:

    this is my code:

    listcatg is take it from doc.xls. where listcatg = Prendas superiores

    Prendas superiores
    Prendas inferiores



    Prendas superiores

    Prendas inferiores

    thank so much

      1. CODE of url>
        ul class=”facet-fields”
        div id=”search-filter-facet-categoryId” class=”search-filter search-filter-list active” data-input-value=”” data-input-type=”standard” data-input-name=”categoryId”
        div class=”custom-select-list”
        div class=”search-filter-content”
        div class=”search-filter-wrapper”
        span class=”search-filter-label” data-property=”GLB_CATEGORY”>Categoría
        Prendas superiores

  7. Hi..
    I want to konw how to handle drop down which contains arrow button. After clicking on arrow button again one list comes out and I want to select one option amonga them.
    Can you please give me solution for this ASAP.

    Thanks and Regards
    Sourabh Chanchawat

    1. Get those elements in List and compare it,

      WebElement select = findElement(lctr1);
      List listElements = select.findElements(lctr2);

      List li = new ArrayList();
      for(int k=0;k<li.size();k++){

  8. I wanted to know how to work on drop down using DIV and LI with no select and no options if possible using with loops. As I have tried this .
    //Enter the Data set Name
    driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//div[@id=’displayfield-1032-inputEl’]”)).sendKeys(“Carrefour Finished Goods*”);

    1. Yes, it is possible to do this.

      1- Find a generic xpath or css selector or any of the locator that can select all element
      2- Take all these elements in list
      3- Iterate in to list and match with the string that you want to select
      4- It will help you to select one of the options from complete list under dropdown those are started with div or li

  9. What are the possible ways to handle drop down which is not mentioned with select class.
    Drop down is listed under . Tried xpath but it isnt working.

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